A record of 7.74m births in Nigeria in 2016 was staggering especially comparing with the number of deaths of 22,359 in the same year.
With such higher margin of births as against recorded deaths, according to the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (NBS) data, there seem to be positive sign even without data proof of childhood mortality separated from the entire death rate.
In contrast however, Japan a country of over 120m population had about 10% of Nigeria’s 2016 birth rate in two years triggering alerts of phasing out of the nation of Japan if nothing is done in reversal.
However, for Nigeria at the opposite side of the prism, the whopping birth rate without commensurate economic and social provisions breeds another social crises of overpopulation, food scarcity, inadequate medicare, poor education and the rest, and possible higher crime in future unless measures are taken to put the high fertility into positive use.
NBS released data that 75,395 Nigerians died in three years – between 2014 and 2016.
The Demographics Statistics Bulletin 2016 made public Tuesday by the NBS showed that the deaths were recorded from 2014 to 2016 but only 23 states out of the 36 States, including FCT, supplied data of the number of deaths that occurred in their states.
This daya shortage is also an indication that that number of deaths may be short by up to 35-40% given the shortage of data from 14 states.
A breakdown of the total deaths showed that in 2014, a total of 27, 912 Nigerians died and this figure reduced to 25, 124 deaths in 2015 and further down to 22, 359 deaths in 2016.
However, there are indications that new births far out-numbered the number of deaths.
For instance, in 2016, while 22, 359 persons were recorded dead, 7.74 million births were registered in the same year.
“In the next three decades, Nigeria’s projected population will make it a large country with a youthful population, mainly as a result of high fertility rates,” the report indicated.
The report stated that although a large and young workforce is beneficial to support the availability of labour, production and consumption of goods and services, it also calls for careful management in order to ensure that majority of the population do not fall or live in poverty.
“The high fertility rates may be as a result of still relatively low uptake of family planning methods. Improving access to education and family planning methods will contribute positively to lowering fertility rates and hence managing population growth in the near future,” NBS said.
File photo of Nigerian school kids from Google Images