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Beijing 2022 Winter Games organizer recruits volunteers globally


The Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics organizer plans to recruit 27,000 volunteers for the Winter Games and 12,000 volunteers for Winter Paralympic Games by the end of June 2021.

The plan was announced at Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games Launch Ceremony for Global Recruitment of Games Volunteers in Beijing on Thursday, December 5, which is also the 34th International Volunteer Day.

The Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (BOCWOG) is going to recruit volunteers for the Winter Games and Winter Paralympic Games for 12 different types of services, including media operations and broadcasting, human resources, technical operations and transportation, according to a document the BOCWOG sent to the Global Times on Thursday.

The recruitment process will last one-and-a-half years, and the recruitment system will end on June 30, 2021, the BOCWOG said.

The Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games and Winter Paralympic Games volunteer logo was also unveiled at the ceremony, with red and yellow representing enthusiasm and passion. The upper part of the logo is made up of three “V” letters symbolizing volunteers, and a smiley face symbolizes dedication, love and smile.

Thomas Bach, president of the International Olympic Committee, said volunteers are an integral part of the Olympic preparation team. He encouraged the public to participate in the sports fest.

“As Beijing is making history as the first city in the world to hold both the summer and the winter editions of the Olympic Games, I can only encourage everyone to be a part of this next exciting chapter of Olympic history. Becoming a volunteer to the Winter Olympic Games Beijing 2022 will be your experience of your lifetime,” said Batch on a video played at the ceremony on Thursday.

Many Chinese celebrities, including actor Jackie Chan, pianist Lang Lang and singer Cai Xukun, participated in the launch ceremony on Thursday and showed their support on their official Sina Weibo accounts.

Hundreds of thousands of Chinese netizens showed their interest in and passion to the volunteer recruitment event on Sina

Source:Global Times

Chinese documentary reveals counter-terrorism perseverance in Xinjiang

Image from a Xinjian counter terrorism operation

By Liu Xin and Fan Lingzhi

China’s first documentary on its overall counter-terrorism efforts in Xinjiang aired on December 5, Thursday night, prompted wide discussions among the audience with never-seen-before real crime scenes of terrorism, which highlighted the hefty prices China has paid and the country’s resolution in eradicating terrorism.

A lot of the video and audio clips in the English-language documentary were disclosed for the first time as concrete evidence of the horrible crimes wreaked by terrorists in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It also revealed hard evidence of interactions between terrorists and overseas masterminds.

“The authorities did not publish the video and details of terrorist attacks in Xinjiang before out of concern they may cause panic. This proves China had paid a high price in fighting terrorism, and the international community should have a clear understanding,” Li Wei, a counter-terrorism expert at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations in Beijing, told the Global Times.

Li noted that the video and audio footages justify China’s Xinjiang policies in countering terrorism, including launching the vocational education and training centers, which have been highly effective in de-radicalizing and fighting extremist forces.

Complicity of terrorists and overseas forces

China has spared no efforts in its fight against terrorists, who are often well-trained and take part in armed confrontations with counter-terrorism forces. Terrorist groups, including the “East Turkistan Islamic Movement,” were found to help train terrorists in Xinjiang, experts and sources told the Global Times.

Xinjiang has long been the main battlefield against terrorism. According to incomplete data, from 1990 to 2016, Xinjiang endured thousands of terrorist attacks that killed large numbers of innocent people and hundreds of police officers.

“Some Western countries spread the idea that the 2009 Urumqi riots were ethnic clashes triggered by repression. Chinese experts say that’s illogical, given the 9/11 attacks. The anti-China interpretation shows the double-standard approach adopted by some,” the Thursday documentary said.

Chinese authorities believe the “East Turkistan Islamic Movement,” or ETIM, a shadowy Xinjiang-based group with alleged ties to al-Qaeda, organized the Tiananmen Square terrorist attack in 2013. And Chinese police said they have clear evidence that the incident was linked to separatist forces outside Xinjiang.

Recent reports have revealed that there are hundreds of Chinese fighters in Syria, and some “jihadists” have brought their war home to Xinjiang.

Group Captain Sultan Hali from Pakistan Air Force said a number of Muslims from China’s Xinjiang were trained as “jihadists” in training centers in Syria.

“When the Soviet-Afghan war ended in 1989, some of them went back. But most of them were not de-indoctrinated, and were used as tools,” he said.

Li told the Global Times that members of the ETIM terrorist group used to have secret trainings in mountainous and remote areas in Xinjiang.

By colluding with overseas terrorists in the Middle East and studying their attack skills, these terrorists develop their own skills in making weapons and plotting attacks, and even battled counter-terrorism forces, Li said.

A source who joined a counter-terrorism operation in Xinjiang told the Global Times that these well-trained terrorists, who were familiar with the local environment, usually hid in caves in mountainous areas. They were good at anti-reconnaissance operations and fiercely resisted special forces.

In 2007, three members of the ETIM re-entered Xinjiang and trained more than 80 terrorists in the Pamir areas, Li said, noting that China has made great efforts in fighting these extremely dangerous terrorists. 

Police officers in Xinjiang work on the frontline of the fight against terrorism. According to data from China Central Television, from 2013 to 2016, a total of 127 police officers in Xinjiang sacrificed their lives in the line of duty.

Window of truth

Experts believe terrorism is a global threat, and no country can win the war against terrorism on its own. In the face of the threat of terrorism and extremism, Xinjiang has taken a series of measures, including establishing laws and regulations, and launching effective counter-terrorism operations. 

According to media reports found by the Global Times, the Xinjiang region launched a special counter-terrorism campaign in May 2014.

Authorities have cracked down on 1,588 terrorist groups, and 12,995 terrorists and 2,052 explosive materials had been seized in Xinjiang since 2014, read a white paper on regional work on counter-terrorism, de-extremism and human rights protection released in March.

China has also enhanced international cooperation to crack down on terrorist forces in Xinjiang. China has joined 12 global counter-terrorism conventions and played an active role in international multilateral mechanisms, including the international criminal police organization, Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum, Liu Yuejin, China’s top counter-terrorism official, said at a press conference on Wednesday, December 4.

No violent terrorist attacks have happened in Xinjiang in three years. Publishing these videos would let more people and some Western media know more about China’s current counter-terrorism policies in Xinjiang, Zheng said.

“It seems impossible to correct the wrong opinions of the West toward China’s Xinjiang counter-terrorism policies. But the documentary would open a window for those who want to know the truth,” Zheng said.


Chinese expert says US Uyghur bill violates int’l law


By Zhu Weinian

The US House of Representatives just passed the “Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2019.” This bill ignores the stable and harmonious development in Xinjiang, slanders China’s efforts in de-radicalization and counter-terrorism, viciously attacks the Chinese government’s Xinjiang policy, and deliberately smears the human rights condition in Xinjiang. It grossly interferes in China’s internal affairs and seriously violates international law and basic norms governing international relations, revealing the US’ double standards and hypocritical hegemonic logic. The act is essentially an abuse of long-arm jurisdiction and a practice of hegemony in the name of justice.

The Facts and China’s Position on China-US Trade Friction, a white paper issued by The State Council Information Office of China states that “‘long-arm jurisdiction’ refers to the practice of extending one’s tentacles beyond one’s borders and exercising jurisdiction over foreign entities based on one’s domestic laws. In recent years, the US has been extending its ‘long-arm jurisdiction’ to wider areas including financial investment, anti-monopoly, export control and cybersecurity. In international affairs, the US has frequently requested entities or individuals of other countries to obey US domestic laws; otherwise they may face US civil, criminal or trade sanctions at any time.”

“Long-arm jurisdiction” has become a hegemonic tool for the US to suppress foreign entities, interfere in other countries’ internal affairs and even subvert other countries’ governments. Such power politics, under the guise of domestic “legal compliance” and “rules to follow,” provides a legal basis for the US to meddle in other countries and compels US domestic law enforcement. Since the US Department of Commerce sanctioned 28 Chinese entities by putting them on the “entities list” and the US House of Representatives passed the “Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2019,” Washington has repeatedly engaged in long-arm hegemony, fully exposing its malicious intention to contain and split China under the pretext of the so-called “Xinjiang issue.”

Under the pretext of “America First,” the US grants extraterritorial effect to domestic laws without any multilateral authorization. This has become a common tactic of the US to manipulate international politics and desecrate sovereign states by means of “long-arm jurisdiction,” which completely deviates from justice and international morality.

Since the principle of state sovereignty is at the core of all principles of international law, the essence of international law is, in a sense, a legal system based on equality, mutual benefit and mutual cooperation among sovereigns in the international community. However, power politics pursued by the US has completely neglected the sovereignty of other countries. The US is not so much a participant as a spoiler.

The fact that the US House of Representatives passed the Xinjiang-related bill and insisted on “long-arm jurisdiction,” regardless of China’s complete sovereignty over Xinjiang, has severely violated the principles and rules in international law. For instance, according to Article 2 in the Charter of the United Nations, “The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.” “Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state.” In the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, “No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the internal or external affairs of any other State.”

International law and basic norms governing international relations require all countries, including economically and militarily powerful ones, to fulfill their international obligations in accordance with the law, conduct international cooperation with integrity and equality to safeguard the common and fundamental interests of all mankind. Therefore, the development of egoism and hegemonism will inevitably stifle the vitality of international law and be universally rejected by the international community.

Sino-US relations are facing some difficulties and challenges. Some politicians and forces in the US adhere to the Cold War mentality, believe in zero-sum game and are full of ideological prejudice. They attempt to sow discord among various ethnic groups in Xinjiang and send wrong signals to the violent and terrorist forces to undermine prosperity and stability in Xinjiang and contain China’s peaceful growth. The Xinjiang-related bill passed by the US Congress has no basis in fact, and even less in morality, for Xinjiang has long been an inseparable part of Chinese territory, concerning China’s core interests. Only by eliminating violence and terrorism can Xinjiang develop and human rights be guaranteed.

Xinjiang-related issues are by no means about human rights, ethnicity or religion, but about the fight against separatism and terrorism. The fight against terrorism and extremism sticks to the principles of rule of law and conforms to the purposes and principles of the United Nations in combating terrorism and safeguarding basic human rights. The government of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region lawfully fought violent and terrorist attacks while addressing the root causes. Xinjiang is witnessing sound economic growth, harmony among different ethnic groups and social stability now. Terrorist attacks have been avoided in the past three years. Those endeavors are endorsed by all 25 million people of various ethnic groups in Xinjiang. More than 1,000 representatives have visited Xinjiang in more than 70 groups, including officials from various countries and regions spanning international organizations and media outlets. They all praised Xinjiang for harmonious, stable, and prosperous development.

A just cause enjoys abundant support while an unjust cause finds little support. Nowadays, peace and development are an irreversible trend of the times. Principles of international law, such as sovereign equality and non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, have become universal norms. Accordingly, every time the “long arm” of the US acts recklessly, it is overdrawing and eroding its credibility, accelerating the decline of the US. Their abuse and preference for “long-arm jurisdiction” will only make Xinjiang people more united and develop Xinjiang into a better place.

The author is from Xinjiang Development Research Center. opinion@globaltimes.com.cn

Source:Global Times

Experts foresee more competitive African market for new entrants in 2020

Internet use in Africa photo: Google Images

African markets will become increasingly attractive in 2020 at a time when wider global trends are more set against the interests of international businesses than they have been for many years. Fractious geopolitics in a US election year, a rising tide of global activism and a new level of cyber warfare are among the Top 5 risks for business in 2020, published today by Control Risks the specialist global risk consultancy.

As Control Risks CEO Nick Allan points out, “populism, activism, protectionism, sanctions and political disruption remain the canvas onto which business tries to build global markets and supply chains. It has not been easy in 2019 and it’s going to get harder next year”.

While this outlook is prompting businesses to rethink their global strategies and footprint, across Africa, the continent’s traditional development partners – the EU, China and the US – are facing increasing competition on the ground from new players, such as Russia, the Gulf states and Turkey. Greater regional integration, through the African Continental Free Trade Area and regional blocs like the East African Community, is a welcome counterbalance to growing economic nationalism elsewhere in the world. For African governments and foreign investors able to navigate an increasingly complex and competitive landscape, opportunities are opening up.

“The standard narrative of US-China rivalry in Africa always looked like an over-simplification, but is certainly outdated now. China’s engagement with Africa is undergoing a fundamental shift, the US is playing catch-up, and other countries are seeking to expand their influence in an increasingly multipolar landscape,” explains Barnaby Fletcher, Associate Director at Control Risks. “Geopolitical objectives are being supported by a flood of development finance, creating both opportunity and competition for private-sector players,“ added Fletcher.

The global Top 5 Risks for Business in 2020

The Top 5 risks are released as part of Control Risks’ annual RiskMap report, a global risk forecast for business leaders and policy makers across the world, published today.

  1. Geopolitics and the US campaign trail

The US election campaign will have a palpable impact on geopolitics in 2020. The drama of the campaign trail combined with the disruption of the impeachment process will reverberate through America’s global actions, with the White House using stunt diplomacy to try to distract from impeachment. At the same time US allies and adversaries such as North Korea, Iran or even the Islamic State will hedge against the most ideological election in 40 years and try to add pressure to an already heated electoral campaign. Such posturing will heavily influence the geopolitical risk landscape for business in 2020.

  • The activist society passes judgement

Across the world, social pressures and coordinated activism around issues like environmental protection, political and human rights, inequality and privacy are demanding more and more from businesses, not just governments. In the street, in shareholder meetings and in your company, the activist society will bang ever harder on the boardroom table in 2020. Being ethical is no longer enough. Being compliant is no longer enough. This uncodified morass of social, moral and political accountability will consume business leadership in 2020 and beyond.

  • Cyber warfare hits a new level

Cyber threats in 2020 will align as never before to provoke a high impact, cyber-enabled assault on critical infrastructure. Western deterrence has failed to stem the tide and hostile actors are using ever harder methods. The US will retaliate in ways that show the world it cares. In theatres of strategic conflict, such as the Gulf, unpalatable military measures will give way to cyber-attacks. And so will begin a new cycle of escalation: the west’s cyber-capable rivals and their proxies will raise their game, with unpredictable consequences. If leading companies are attaining credible cyber resilience, national infrastructures across the globe are not and present the main vulnerability in the international cyber conflict.

  • Economic anxiety meets political fragility

Even the most optimistic forecasts say global economic growth in 2020 will be dismally low or, as our partners at Oxford Economics put it, “grinding.” This, before any account of an economic shock that could shake an uneasy global economy. If global GDP takes a turn for the worse, we cannot expect a fragmented world to craft a coordinated policy response. Governments facing polarisation domestically and bilateral opportunism internationally will find it difficult to rally in the face of economic hardship. The challenge will be particularly difficult for commodity-dependent economies in the Middle East which have not fully recovered from the oil price crash in 2015 or which are grappling with sanctions, youth unemployment and social unrest. 

  • Leaders without strategies

At the helm of some of the world’s most important countries is a crop of leaders who can’t see further than the next crisis. For them, tactics will trump strategy. 2020 is shaping up to be a year when the brakes on incident escalation are absent. This is a world where resilience at the state level is weak, and long-term solutions take too much time to find. Whether it’s a global trade war, a cyber attack or a regional border skirmish, things could escalate faster in the absence of any international oversight. Business will need a strategy for an intensely tactical world.

Distributed by APO Group

China launches SOE to manage country’s oil and gas pipelines


China on Monday launched a new state-owned enterprise to manage the country’s oil and gas pipelines, as part of efforts to bolster the role of gas in the country’s energy mix. The majority of pipeline infrastructure currently run by state-owned groups China National Petroleum Corp, Sinopec and Cnooc will be handed over to the new company, in a move to provide other industry players fairer access, China’s official Xinhua news agency said. China is overhauling its oil and gas industry in a bid to reduce reliance on polluting coal and has also sought to secure its energy supply by diversifying imports of liquefied natural gas.China’s pipelines, which already run at maximum capacity during peak seasons, are expected to need to handle 2.5 times the current gas demand by 2040, according to consultancy Wood Mackenzie. An ambitious government programme to swap out coal heating for gas across China’s north-east has been sluggish in the face of a lack of infrastructure and supply to meet the needs of the region.

The official launch of the company, originally floated by policymakers over a year ago, comes just one week after a pipeline from Russia’s Gazprom began to deliver gas from Siberia to north-east China. The pipeline opening was hailed by Chinese analysts as a milestone for China’s energy security and efforts to move away from coal in the region. However, financial publication Caixin reported last month that pipeline infrastructure to deliver the gas across Heilongjiang, a north-eastern province, was lagging behind schedule. “It’s tough to say if this was all part of a larger plan but it does seem to be working out in a way that should help continue to grow gas demand,” said Jeffrey Moore of S&P Global Platts.The company’s establishment should make it significantly easier for second tier players in the market to book capacity on the pipelines, including for imports from Russia or Turkmenistan, Mr Moore said, adding that LNG was still a long way from matching coal’s position in China’s energy mix.

The announcement also comes one week after China’s State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, or Sasac, released a plan to cut coal production by a quarter to a third in north-west China.China’s continued aim to install new coal power plants, in spite of global pressure over carbon emissions, has dashed hopes that the world’s largest emitter was getting serious about pledges to reduce carbon dioxide output.Wood Mackenzie analyst Max Petrov said the most significant impact of the company’s launch would be to lower gas pricing in the long term, although companies were likely to keep prices high in the near future to recoup losses.

Financial Times